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Aluminum Wire and Ribbon



Aluminum Wire and Ribbon





Aluminum and Silicon Aluminum Wire & Ribbon

Aluminum Wire and Ribbon

Wire

Alloyed aluminum wires are generally preferred to pure aluminum wire except in high-current devices because of greater drawing ease to fine sizes and higher pull-test strengths in finished devices. Pure aluminum and 0.5% magnesium-aluminum are most commonly used in sizes larger than 0.004 inch.


All aluminum systems in semiconductor fabrication eliminate the "purple plague" (brittle gold-aluminum intermetallic compound) sometimes associated with pure gold bonding wire. Aluminum is particularly suitable for ultrasonic bonding.


In order to assure that high quality bonds can be obtained at high production speeds, special controls are used in the manufacture of 1% silicon-aluminum wire. One of the most important characteristics of high grade bonding wire of this type is homogeneity of the alloy system. Homogeneity is given special attention at Coining. Microscopic checks of the alloy structure of finished lots of 1% silicon-aluminum wire are performed routinely. Processing also is carried out under conditions which yield the ultimate in surface cleanliness and smooth finish and permits entirely snag-free de-reeling.


Silicon Aluminum Wire

Diameter

Elongation

Tensile

Temper

Type

Inches

Microns

%

Strength (g)

Condition

1% Si Al

0.0007

18

0.5 – 2.5

8 min.

HARD

0.5 – 3.0

4 – 6

ANNEALED

1% Si Al

0.001

25

0.5 – 2.5

20

HARD

1 – 4

16 – 18

ANNEALED

1 – 4

14 – 16

ANNEALED

1% Si Al

0.00125

32

0.5 – 3.0

28 min.

HARD

1 – 4

23 – 25

STRESS RELIEVED

1 – 4

21 – 23

ANNEALED

1 – 4

19 – 21

ANNEALED

1% Si Al

0.0015

38

0 5 – 3.0

38 min.

HARD

1 – 4

33 – 38

STRESS RELIEVED

1 – 4

26 – 33

ANNEALED

1% Si Al

0.002

50

1 – 4

65 min.

HARD

2 – 6

55 – 65

STRESS RELIEVED

2 – 6

45 - 55

ANNEALED



Heavy Wire

Nearly all heavy aluminum wire (generally diameters more than 0.004 inch/100 microns) for microelectronics is drawn from one of three materials: 5/9's pure aluminum; 4/9's pure aluminum; or 0.5% magnesium/aluminum alloy. Of these three principal types of aluminum wire, 5/9's grade exhibits the greatest variation of properties and is very sensitive to the fabrication time cycle due to its ultra purity. 5/9's, 4/9's and 0.5% Mg/Al each exhibit unique properties which can be used to overcome any unusual bonding conditions that manufacturers may experience.  Anticipated mechanical properties for each of the three main types of heavy aluminum wire are noted below:


Heavy Aluminum Wire

Diameter

Tensile

Temper

Type

Inches

Microns

Elongation %

Strength (g)

Condition

99.999% Al

0.010

250

10 – 18

200

ANNEALED

0.012

300

5 – 12

200

OVER ANNEAL

10 – 18

300

ANNEALED

0.015

375

8 – 15

350

OVER ANNEAL

10 – 18

450

ANNEALED

0.020

500

8 – 15

625

OVER ANNEAL

15 – 25

750

ANNEALED

99.99% Al+Ni

0.005

125

5 – 12

100

ANNEALED

0.008

200

8 – 15

300

ANNEALED

0.010

250

10 – 18

425

ANNEALED

0.012

300

12 – 20

600

ANNEALED

0.015

375

15 – 25

900

ANNEALED

0.020

500

20 – 30

1300

ANNEALED

0.5% Mg/Al+Ni

0.005

125

7 – 12

150

ANNEALED

0.007

175

10 – 16

300

ANNEALED

0.008

200

10 – 16

400

ANNEALED

0.010

250

10 - 16

550

ANNEALED

Note: The addition of nickel to pure aluminum makes the wire corrosion resistant. Special temper requirements may be needed for a particular application, and various diameters can be custom made to order. All materials produced at Coining are analyzed for chemical properties, with impurity levels being measured in PPM. Please request additional details to see how Coining can best serve you.



Ribbon

Aluminum ribbon is utilized in many microwave and other electronic applications. 1% silicon/aluminum can be rolled as fine as 0.0005 inch (125 microns) thick and also can be delivered in slit form when ratios exceed the standards for forms. Pure aluminum is available as fine as 0.001 inch (250 microns) and can be provided in slit form when specifications dictate.


Aluminum Ribbon

Rolled Type

Typical Dimensions

Rolled & Slit Type

Dimensional Range

1% Si/Al

0.0005 inch x 0.010 inch

1 % Si/Al

0.001 – 0.010" x 0.040 – 0.100"

0.001 inch x 0.020 inch

Pure Al

0.001 – 0.010" x 0.040 – 0.100"

0.002 inch x 0.040 inch

Pure Al

0.001 inch x 0.020 inch

0.002 inch x 0.040 inch

Note: Both 1% silicon/aluminum and pure aluminum ribbon can be produced to custom specifications upon request.

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Microelectronics Interconnect Materials:  Bonding Wire and Ribbon